TO A NON
[Bro. Mukul Patel, M.M, Lodge Golden Pagoda, Mumbai has
forwarded this article which had been posted in ncmason.org/book/clausen.htm
with a request to post it as an article, so that persons, who are not freemasons
can have a proper idea about freemasonry. This article is very informative and
gives a fairly correct picture about freemasonry to laymen. Freemasons will also
be benefited...Please read on ]
TO A NON-MASON:
YOU MUST SEEK MASONIC MEMBERSHIP!
By M.W.Bro.Henry C, Clausen 33 o
Past Grand Master of Masons
Grand Lodge of California.
Ask and you shall receive! Knock and the door will be
opened unto you! Seek and you shall find! As a Past Grand Master of Masons in
California, these comments of mine may be helpful.
Many men live a lifetime and never know they must ask for
admission to the world's oldest, most purposeful and greatest Fraternity. They
do not realize that they will not be invited. They must come in of their own
free will and accord, without persuasion, for, that is the manner in which many
millions of Masons in America have been accepted.
True, some countries have interpreted the ritual in a more
liberal fashion. For example, we are reliably informed that the United Grand
Lodge of England, Premier Grand Lodge of the World, has permitted as
"proper" the practice of making an approach to carefully selected men
whom those making the approach consider to be suitable candidates. This, I
think, is an outgrowth of the situation which prevailed in the Middle Ages when
altered conditions of trade resulted in old guilds introducing honorary members.
The fundamental requirement, in any event, is that membership must be wholly
voluntary, without persuasion, so that whether approached or voluntarily
requested the application itself is of the candidate's own free will and accord.
You may ask, therefore, is visible proof available of the
claimed great antiquity of your Order? Do Masons revere God? Why are Masons
called builders? Are Masons dedicated to freedom and are they champions of
liberty? Do they practice charity and benevolence and strive to promote human
welfare? Do Masons number among them many who are outstanding and famous in the
fields of business, the professions, finance, the arts, music and high public
and military service?
Our Masonic antiquity is demonstrated by a so-called
Regius Poem written around the year 1390, when King Richard II reigned in
England, a century before Columbus. It was part of the King's Library that
George II presented to the British Museum in 1757. Rediscovered by James O.
Halliwell, a non-Mason, and rebound in its present form in 1838, it consists of
794 lines of rhymed English verse and claims there was an introduction of
Masonry into England during the reign of Athelstan, who ascended the throne in
A.D. 925. It sets forth regulations for the Society, fifteen articles and
fifteen points and rules of behavior at church, teaching duties to God and
Church and Country, and inculcating brotherhood. While the real roots of Masonry
are lost in faraway mists, these items show that our recorded history goes back
well over 600 years. Further proof is furnished through English statutes as, for
example, one of 1350 (25 Edward III, Cap. III) which regulated wages of a
"Master...Mason at 4 pence per day." The Fabric Role of the 12th
century Exeter Cathedral referred to "Freemasons."
The historical advance of science also treats of our
operative ancient brethren who were architects and stonemasons of geometry. It
is apparent from this portrayal that they had a very real and personal
identification with the Deity and that this fervent devotion provided energy to
build cathedrals. They embraced the teachings of Plato and understood and
applied Pythagorean relationships. Just as there is a beauty of harmony credited
to mathematical relationships on which music is based, in precisely the same way
these master geometricians treated architecture. The architects and stonemasons
became the personification of geometry, performing extraordinary feats with
squares and compasses. Geometrical proportion, not measurement, was the rule.
Their marks as stonemasons were derived from geometric constructions. The mighty
works they wrought, cathedrals with Gothic spires pointing toward the heavens,
and especially their "association," were not without danger and
opposition, bearing in mind the Inquisition established in 1229, the Saint
Bartholomew's Eve Massacre of 1572, and the revocation of the Edict of Nantes in
1685. These historical points remind us of the need for our cautions against
cowans and eavesdroppers.
Our operative Brethren of the Middle Ages thus were the
builders of mighty cathedrals throughout the British Isles and continental
Europe, many of which still stand. These skilled craftsmen wrote in enduring
stone impressive stories of achievement, frequently chiseled with symbolic
markings. With these architectural structures of these master builders there was
a companion moral code. These grew up together. Out of this background modern
Freemasonry was born.
Although "Lodges" had existed for centuries,
four of the "old" Lodges met in London on St. John the Baptist's Day,
June 24, 1717, and formed the first Grand Lodge of England, thereafter known as
the Premier Grand Lodge of the world. No longer operative as of old, the Masons
carried on the traditions and used the tools of the craft as emblems to
symbolize principles of conduct in a continued effort to build a better world.
The American colonial Masonic organizations stemmed from
this Grand Lodge of England and were formed soon after 1717. Its then Grand
Master appointed Colonel Daniel Coxe as Provincial Grand Master of New York, New
Jersy and Pennsylvania on June 5, 1730, and Henry Price of Boston as Provincial
Grand Master of New England in April 1733.
George Washington joined Fredericksburg, Virginia Lodge in
1752 and later was Master of Alexandria Lodge. As Grand Master Pro Tem of the
Grand Lodge of Maryland and while President of the United States, he laid the
cornerstone of our Nation's Capitol on September 18, 1793. Items from his
Masonic life which we can see today include his Masonic apron, the square and
compass he used as a surveyor, and the Masonic Bible on which he took his oath
of office, administered by Chancellor and Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of New
York, Robert R. Livingston.
Masons are dedicated to freedom and are champions of
liberty. This is as much a cardinal characteristic today as it was when colonial
Masons were in the forefront of our fight for freedom and independence. Even
then, however, Masonic Lodges remained Sanctuaries where war passions were
conciliated with brotherhood. The background thus displayed makes clear that no
tyrant nor dictator can exist in a country where Freemasonry prevails and hence
the first act of a tyrant or dictator is to obliterate Freemasonry. Masons,
imbued with traditional concepts of freedom and liberty, wielded a vital
influence and vigorously worked to put their ideals into practice. Our
distinguished Revolutionary War Brethren included, among others, these
leaders" Washington, LaFayette, Franklin, Hancock, Revere, John Paul Jones,
Rufus King, James Otis, Baron von Steuben and Joseph Warren.
Masons practice charity and benevolence and strive to
promote human welfare. All over the world Masons care for their indigent Brethen,
widows and orphans; maintain homes; support their mother countries in great
wars; aid medical research, gerontolgy, blood banks, youth programs, military
rehabilitation; contribute scholarships and practice character building.
Masons number among them today many outstanding and famous
Brethren in the fields of business, finance, the arts, the professions, music
and high public and military service. They have included fourteen Presidents and
eighteen Vice Presidents of the United States; a majority of the Justices of the
United States Supreme Court, of the Governors of States, of the members of the
Senate, and a large percentage of the Congressmen. Five Chief Justices of the
United States were Masons and two were Grand Masters. The five were Oliver
Ellsworth, John Marshall (also Grand Master of Masons in Virginia), William
Howard Taft, Frederick M. Vinson and Earl Warren (also Grand Master of Masons in
World-famous, active Masons have included Will Rogers,
Simon Bolivar, James Boswell, Robert Burns, Edward the VII, Giuseppe Garibaldi,
George the VI, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Rudyard Kipling, Franz Joseph Haydn,
Lord Kitchener, Louis Dossuth, Giuseppe Mazzini, Wolfgang Mozart, Jose Rizal,
Cecil J. Rhodes, Sir Walter Scott, Jean Sibelius, Voltaire, and many, many
others. Astronauts have included Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr., Leroy Gordon Cooper, Donn
F. Eisele, Virgil I. Grissom, Edgar D. Mitchell, Walter M. Schirra, Jr., Thomas
P. Stafford, Paul J. Weitz and James B. Irwin.
Masons have had a great interest in maintaining free
public schools. It was our Brother Governor DeWitt Clinton of New York, a
constructive statesman of unusual ability, who was largely instrumental in
establishing the foundation of our free public school system in America. Masons
believe as the twig is bent so is the tree inclined and that an educated
citizenry is vital for enlightened living. "Knowledge is power."
Most of the eminent Masons of modern times have been honor
men of our Scottish Rite, a worldwide organization of the Masonic family. The
Northern and Southern Scottish Rite Jurisdictions in America confer the Fourth
through the Thirty-third Degrees and are engaged in many good works including
extensive research into the causes and cure of childhood aphasia, schizophrenia,
contributions in the fields of medical research, endowments and scholarships,
and patriotic, moral and spiritual programs. Allied organizations include the
Knights Templar, the Royal Arch Masons, the Royal and Select Masters, the
Masonic Service Association, the Masonic Relief Association of the United
States, and the Shrine.
All in all, an inquiry will reveal an image of Masonry as
having a grand design for the betterment, happiness and enlightenment of
mankind. And he who poses these questions and then petitions and is accepted for
membership will be mighty proud and grateful for a dignified, inspiring and
The moment a candidate signs his petition, has been
accepted, and enters a Lodge, he is immediately imbued with an easy, comfortable
feeling in surroundings that are impressive and fraternal. He will find that
within a regular and recognized Lodge there will be no discussions of partisan
politics or religious dogma, thereby assuring brotherly tranquillity. He is
given a warm welcome that conveys a feeling of being very much wanted as an
active integral part of the group so that he looks forward to enjoyment of
time-tested and intellectual progress. The successive steps bring new thrills
and adventures in a place where he participates with pleasure in the ritual and
procedures. His days as an Initiate pass quickly toward new friendships,
greetings and welcoming smiles of his Brethren in the Lodge room and at the