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[There had been considerable decline in the membership of Masonic Lodges in
United State of America in recent years. In order to offset that problem many
Grand Lodges in U.S.A are resorting to mass initiations and one day sessions of
conferring all the three degrees of the Craft. There had been discussions about
that innovation and many scholars have been protesting against the new practice. The author
discusses the various issues about the mass initiations in the light of the
traditional masonic practice and thought. Please read onů.]
Considering the Craft's current decline in most English-speaking
jurisdictions, it is important that we understand what is at stake if the
organization is to be preserved in its original form and its traditions are to
continue to have a meaningful impact on the lives of its members.
Masons must be able to answer three questions if Masonry is to be successful:
What is Freemasonry?
What is its historical purpose?
And what makes it different from other fraternal organizations?
The answer to the first question is that Freemasonry is a traditional
initiatic order. While it has taken its modern form during the Enlightenment,
its traditions, symbols and lessons reach back to pre-modern times. If we
closely investigate the lives of the individuals who were active in shaping
speculative Freemasonry out of its operative roots and particularly examine
their connections to older occult societies and traditions, it becomes clear
that speculative Freemasonry was designed to be foremost an initiatic
institution through which men could recognize their true spiritual potential.
The courtly philosophical climate of sixteenth and seventeenth century
Britain, where it did not follow strictly Puritan or Anglican trends, was
strongly influenced by the underground tradition sometimes referred to as
Arcadia, which encompassed within its philosophy elements of Gnostic,
Neo-Platonic, Hermetic, and Kabalistic thought. As Rosicrucianism surfaced in
the early seventeenth century it also showed an affinity to the Arcadian stream
Custodian of initiatic tradition
A close study of the literary works produced during this period reveals a
distinct current of symbolism embedded inside seemingly mainstream publications.
And to those well versed in masonic symbolism the central themes of the
initiatic tradition become quickly evident upon examination of this literature.
It was precisely out of this philosophical climate, united through
organizations such as the Royal Society, and through extensive correspondence
that is now well documented, that the most well-known proponents of seventeenth
and early eighteenth-century Freemasonry emerged; men like Sir Robert Moray,
Elias Ashmole, John Desaguliers, James Anderson, and their numerous friends and
counterparts from all across Europe. Even if some of their writings regarding
the history of the Craft may appear questionable to us in the light of the
evidence now available, it is clear that they viewed Speculative Masonry as a
custodian of the initiatic traditions of the past, charged with their
propagation and preservation.
The general work associated with the initiatic tradition, and the purpose of
Freemasonry, put simply, is to provide an environment where good men can unite
together to assist one another in self-improvement and the realization of their
true potential. One of the underlying tenets of this initiatic tradition is the
belief that if even one individual becomes a better person the entire world
Initiation into the mysteries
Being part of the initiatic tradition is what distinguishes Freemasonry from
purely social or philanthropic organizations. There are many organizations that
contribute large sums of money to charity; there are many organizations that
offer fellowship with like-minded men and there are many organizations that
exist for the purpose of providing education. But there are far fewer
organizations that offer a traditional initiation into the mysteries of life and
death. Freemasonry is special in that it combines all of the things just
mentioned. However, it is essential that we recognize that the initiatic
tradition is the core, defining characteristic of Freemasonry. Attempts to make
Freemasonry as accessible as other organizations by reducing or eliminating the
initiatic elements are likely to bring ruin to the Craft. Without the initiatic
tradition there would be nothing to differentiate Masonry from other social or
philanthropic organizations. One could call the new organization which would
emerge from such a process anything one likes, but it would no longer be masonic.
A general decline
Much of our dilemma arises from the fact that too many men who join are not
properly educated about the fraternity. Rather than coming to an understanding
of the Craft based on diligent study and thinking, new candidates tend to form
their opinions based on the behavior of fellow Masons, who are themselves too
often poorly educated about the fraternity's history and philosophy. A
disproportionately small number of serious and scholarly men within the
organization has led to a general decline over the last several decades.
In efforts to arrest the decline in numbers, many jurisdictions in North
America have sought to make Masons faster and to make it easier for them to join
by reducing the requirements for membership. Unfortunately, in order to appeal
to the greatest amount of people possible things must generally be reduced to
the lowest common denominator. It must be considered, however, that Freemasonry
is designed to appeal to what might be called the highest common denominator,
that is, good men seeking to improve themselves. Selling ourselves cheap is a
sad sign of a desperate organization. If an organization is vibrant and has a
strong sense of purpose it will attract good men naturally. Based on the facts,
we know this to be the case in most Continental European and South American
countries, where Freemasonry does not advertise itself to the public, yet its
membership continues to grow or remains stable.
This is one of the masonic traditions that must be considered. Masonry works
best when lodges are smaller. Granted, for smaller lodges to be viable
economically, they must adopt higher dues, but if quality is to be had it must
be paid for and men should not be afraid to show that the fraternity is
important to them.
Limits on initiation
Unfortunately, North American Freemasonry has taken a different route for
most of the twentieth century. When it swung its doors wide open the
organization quickly swelled, but it was filled with men who had not taken the
time to learn about the real purpose of Freemasonry. Nor could they have done
so, as there was no way the lodges could have so quickly incorporated so many
men into the masonic culture. This is one of the keys to understanding our
dilemma - the number of men that any given lodge can effectively initiate and
educate is naturally limited.
"Initiation is a slow and sensitive process and requires great effort
on behalf of both the candidate and the existing members of the lodge. For
initiation and masonic growth to be meaningful and enriching, great care and
attention must be afforded to each individual candidate. He must understand that
the organization is highly selective, allowing him to feel self-worth and
leading him to respect the high standards of the Order. Great time must be spent
to educate him about the history, symbolism and philosophy of the Craft if he is
to become a Freemason worthy of the title. "
Therefore, another tradition that we seem to have lost, and which should be
emphasized, is the thorough investigation of candidates and meaningful
preparatory period. Indeed, this is a demanding tradition that limits the number
of candidates that any given lodge can initiate successfully. Doing otherwise,
that is, filling up the fraternity with members who have not been properly
educated about the purpose and history of the Craft, seems only to have led to
the deterioration in masonic traditions and values.
This, along with the rise of popular culture and high-technology, has left
Freemasonry in North America unprepared to respond appropriately to the social
changes that were quickly coming upon the institution. Nor could there have been
a proper response, since much of the leadership, poorly versed in masonic
history and the initiatic tradition, could not understand what it was that it
should be endeavoring to preserve. Even now, much of what is introduced with the
best intentions seems too often to result in further deterioration. The monitors
warn us against innovations with good reason.
A kind of denial
The facts tell us that we are going to become a much smaller organization
over the next decade. But rather than accepting this inevitable fact and making
preparations for Masonry to succeed with a smaller membership, it seems that we
are too eager to adopt anything that could possibly delay the inevitable, that
is, anything that has the potential to bring in members in large numbers. In a
sense, this is a kind of denial, and unless it is shaken off soon it is likely
to leave North American Masonry unprepared once more for the challenges of the
future. But if the right preparatory steps are taken, as Masonry becomes a much
smaller organization, it can also become a much stronger organization.
One important thing to understand is that simply adopting one traditional
practice here and another there is not going to turn the whole organization
around. What is necessary is an all-encompassing approach to the way our lodges
can be improved. We know that European Masonry has been very successful in
working as small lodges. And we know, whether we like it or not, that our own
lodges are also going to become relatively small in the near future.
Focus on quality
While it is true that we can consolidate lodges as a means of keeping the
dues low, this approach is only going to work for a limited time and does not
address the more fundamental problem of having lost our focus and traditions. If
we want Masonic traditions to continue to have an impact on the lives of Masons,
we need to focus on quality and working out viable models for smaller lodges.
Uniting good men in the pursuit of virtue
We need higher dues and dress codes as a means of returning dignity to the
institution. We need festive boards and more engaging masonic programs in order
to provide higher-quality fellowship. And we need more thorough investigations
and more meaningful preparatory periods for candidates if we are to rediscover
our original purpose, uniting good men in the pursuit of virtue. We cannot
afford to forget that the initiatic tradition is what defines us as Masons.
Keeping these things in mind, Masonry will doubtless overcome its future
challenges and survive for many years to come. But the North American masonic
experience of the last century must teach us that Masonry cannot go wholesale -
that the number of men entering the fraternity must be limited to how many men
can effectively be initiated and educated. We must learn and understand that
Freemasonry, if it is to be true to its designs, does not lower its standards
but demands that individuals raise theirs.